475 Years of Canadian Pine Bark History

During his second voyage to Canada in 1535-36, French explorer Jacques Cartier and his men sailed up the St. Lawrence River and spent the winter months in Stadacona (Quebec City, Canada).

He recorded in his journal that he and his men were given an extract prepared by the Native people of Canada, made from the bark of a species of Northern Canadian Pine growing along the coast. This preparation helped to maintain their well-being after enduring a long harsh winter.

The Pine Bark preparation contains vitamin C and large quantities of bioflavonoids, known for their antioxidant properties.*